News (handpicked)

Exporting torture, importing justice

Last month's announcements that Britain and Spain had launched criminal investigations of torture allegations arising out of US interrogation practices had a certain poetic justice. The Bush administration from the outset sought to exploit gaps in legal protections for foreign nationals beyond US borders in its torture policies. Yet now it is precisely foreign investigations and international law that may well force the US to launch an investigation of its own. Globalisation is often criticised for allowing the powerful to avoid legal obligations through outsourcing. But here globalization may work in the other direction, bringing international pressure to bear on the powerful to compel it do what it would rather not.

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European court of human rights: Courting disaster

The European court of human rights is under threat. No one actually says so, but it is hard to see how it can survive in effective form many years beyond its 50th birthday next month. It is jeopardised not only by its British critics and recalcitrant member countries like Russia that blithely ignore its rulings. It is jeopardised by its own lumbering bureaucracy, the backlog of cases (100,000 or more) and the variable quality of the judges. This rapid increase in demand and inadequate expansion of supply stem from the expansion of Europe after 1990, when the old core of west European nations with well-established legal systems was diluted by the new democracies, eager to join a club that is, among other things, a precondition of EU membership.

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I was abducted by the LRA

Chased out of their native Uganda, the Lord's Resistance Army has filtered west into Congo, where in the past two months they have killed 900 civilians and displaced another 150,000, according to the UN. They are notorious for the forced conscription of children as soldiers and sex slaves. One of these children was Richard Mitambwoko, 17, who was kidnapped from his school last year. He recounts what happened

It was 7 September last year when the LRA came to our village. I lived in Duru, which is 90km from the town of Dungu in the north-eastern corner of Congo.

They came into our classroom and locked the doors behind them. I was in my second year of secondary school. There were 58 of us in the class – we were all terrified. We tried to escape through the windows, but the soldiers caught us and tied us up. It wasn’t just our class though, they did the same to the entire school.

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La pena de muerte pierde terreno

Pese al aumento en el número de ejecuciones, el informe de Amnistía revela que cada vez son menos los países que recurren a ella. La pena de muerte tiene las horas contadas. Cada vez son menos los Estados que hacen uso de ella para castigar los delitos más graves. Así lo revela el  el último informe de Amnistía Internacional sobre la aplicación de la pena capital en el mundo durante 2008.

Según cifras recopiladas por la organización internacional, 2.390 personas fueron ejecutadas en 2008, 1.252 más que en 2007. Y otras 8.864 fueron sentenciadas a muerte frente a las 3.347 del año anterior. De los 25 países que aplicaron la pena máxima durante 2008, China fue el más prolífico. Aunque estos números indican un incremento global en el número de ejecuciones, la secretaria general de AI, Irene Khan, asegura que hay motivos para ser optimistas. "Las buenas noticias son que las ejecuciones sólo son llevadas a cabo por un reducido grupo de países, lo que demuestra que estamos avanzando hacia un mundo libre de pena de muerte", ha dicho.

Así, AI aplaude que sean sólo 59 los países que siguen incluyendo en sus leyes la pena capital, y menos de la mitad recurrieron a ella en 2008. Khan proclama, rotunda, que la lapidación, la decapitación y la muerte por descargas eléctricas "no tienen espacio en el siglo XXI".

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Forced to fish: Cambodia's sea slaves

Promised better-paid jobs across the border in Thailand, Cambodian men are being kidnapped by gangs of traffickers and sold onto illegal fishing boats that trawl the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea. For two years Chorn Theang Ly was kept at sea under armed guard. He describes how his quest for a better life turned into a nightmare.

I live in the village of Anlong Khran in Cambodia. One day a man came to the village and said we should go to Thailand as we would have a much easier life there. Here, we work in rice fields, growing our own rice and vegetables. We make up to $200 a year. The man said we would make a lot more than that in Thailand.

He took a dozen of us over the border. We paid him 7,000 Thai baht for this – 3,000 for the transport plus a month’s worth of our pay. He said we would work on the riverbank, in factories, and have a much better life.

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Hammarberg: Netherlands should review policies towards migrants and asylum seekers

Strasbourg, 

“The policies towards migrants and asylum-seekers require further review". This was emphasised by Thomas Hammarberg, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, when presenting today his report on the Netherlands. The report addresses also issues on children’s rights, integration, actions against discrimination and intolerance, and anti-terrorism measures.

While recognizing progress, the report calls for an improvement of the safeguards for asylum-seekers. The Commissioner voiced also concern about the plans to process more applications through an enhanced accelerated procedure. “A fast procedure is certainly suitable for clear-cut cases, but it can be detrimental to all others and is clearly unsuitable for vulnerable groups such as victims of violence and unaccompanied children.”

The Commissioner recommends assessing the current immigration laws regarding the provisions for family reunification and formation, stressing that “tests, fees and age requirements must not amount to a disproportionate obstacle.“

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Nepal's Disappeared

According to the National Human Rights Commission, 2,240 people have been 'disappeared' in Nepal. Of them, 43 had been held at Bhairabnath Battalion, an infamous barracks in Kathmandu that has been compared to Abu Ghraib. Many Nepalese believe the disappeared were killed in custody and cremated in mass graves. Many of the relatives of those missing have given up hope. But there are few who are still fighting for justice, hoping that their loved ones will return. Fifty-nine-year-old Tika Kandel is one of them. His son, Amrit Kandel, disappeared in 2003.

My 26-year-old son, Amrit Kandel, was arrested by the Nepalese army on 10 October 2003. He shared a room with his elder brother, Ram Hari Kandel, and helped him to run his glassware shop in Kathmandu.

I didn’t know that my son had become a member of the student wing of Communist party of Nepal (Maoist), the party that was fighting state security forces in a civil war that was to last for a decade. At the time he was studying for an arts degree at Saraswati campus in Kathmandu. I first learned of his arrest when I read it in a newspaper. It said that a van full of soldiers stopped him on his way to work and took him away.

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Palestinians in Lebanon's refugee camps lack basic political rights

Filled with hundreds of thousands of marginalised and heavily armed Palestinians deprived of basic political rights, Lebanon’s refugee camps are a time bomb that needs urgent attention. Nurturing Instability: Lebanon’s Palestinian Refugee Camps, the latest International Crisis Group report, examines conditions and recommends steps to improve the situation of their inhabitants and reduce risks. Unlike in other host countries, the refugee question is at the heart of Lebanese politics, a source of passionate debate and trigger of violence. It also is a breeding ground for jihadi militants and a tool manipulated by outside actors.

The precarious situation results from years of neglect and mismanagement reflecting Lebanon’s security-first policy that discriminates against Palestinian refugees. “Over the years, virtually nothing has been done to genuinely address the problem”, says Sahar Atrache, Crisis Group’s Lebanon Analyst. “The effort to hold refugees at bay and prevent their social or economic absorption has dangerous implications”. The problem is compounded by regional and domestic faultlines between Lebanese parties; Palestinians and Israel; Palestinian parties; and Arab states. It also is entwined with sectarian divisions. Palestinians are overwhelmingly Sunni Muslims; as the hope of significant return to Israel diminishes, fear has revived of their naturalisation in Lebanon, which would affect the delicate confessional balance.

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